Porcelain veneers are durable, thin, hand-sculpted ceramic shells bonded to the front of your teeth to create a bright, beautiful smile. The color of your veneers is a particularly important consideration. Contrary to popular belief, however, stark white veneers will not look like natural teeth.
Real teeth are translucent they reflect light. This is why porcelain is such an excellent material for veneers, as it can mimic the light-reflecting nature of natural teeth. Dental bonding, on the other hand, is only partially translucent and does not have the same luster as porcelain.
The enamel is only the top layer of your teeth. For your veneers to look great, they need to be translucent but also opaque enough to hide any discoloration of the dentin that lies beneath the enamel.
The lab technician or artisan builds up porcelain in layers of various colors to achieve a multi-dimensional polychromatic effect that most accurately mimics our natural teeth.
PORCELAIN VENEER TECHNOLOGY
Each natural tooth has its own gradations of color and small, barely seen variations in texture as well. To the naked eye, your teeth might look perfectly smooth, but they are not. Without the normal texture and color variations, your veneers would not look real.
All of these elements need to be taken into account when your veneers are created in the laboratory. The technicians are trained to duplicate the variations so that your veneers are polychromatic, translucent, and with the proper amount of surface texture.
Manufacturers of porcelain veneers have numerous shades to choose from, many with very subtle differences between them. These subtleties, however, are exactly what make for a beautiful smile.
You and your doctor will choose the color of your veneers. When he provides that color to the technician, however, he must also provide the shade of your natural tooth underneath. It is the difference between these colors that tells the technician how much opacity versus translucence your veneers will require.